Perhaps the first thing that most people ask when they hear the names of these two programming languages are. “Why do they have the same name?” and “Are they the same thing?”.
Let us take a look at the two aforementioned languages in order to familiarise ourselves with their core purposes, where they fit into the development world and how they came to be in order to understand the comparative chart we will show thereafter.
What is Java?
Java is a general-purpose programming language that first showed an appearance in 1995 (after it’s initial creation began in 1991). It was designed by James Gosling and a few others at Sun Microsystems that was later acquired by Oracle Corporation as part of the Sun Microsystems buy-out in 2010.
If a programmer fully understands one of these languages, it is much simpler for them to be able to pick up and learn the other without a steep learning curve. This is a real benefit.
The largest learning curve between the two usually comes from the addition of the standard libraries on top of the language paradigms themselves, execution differences (how programmes are run) as well as deploying the applications post development phases.
Albeit not terribly frequently used, there are numerous occasions where being able to have a variable amount of arguments passed to a function is a massive convenience. It allows a single function or method to support overrides without first declaring them. The obvious harm here is the potential for software bugs to creep in without being able to easily spot them.