Which Is the Best Language to Use in DevOps

In DevOps, there isn’t a single “best” language that universally applies to all situations. The choice of programming language depends on various factors, including the specific requirements of your project, existing infrastructure, team’s expertise, and the ecosystem surrounding the tools and technologies you plan to use. However, here are some commonly used languages in different areas of DevOps:

Automation and Configuration Management

  • Ansible: Ansible uses a declarative YAML syntax for defining configurations and automation tasks. It is known for its simplicity and ease of use.
  • Python: Python is a versatile language widely used in DevOps. It has a rich ecosystem of libraries and frameworks, making it suitable for automation, scripting, and building infrastructure tools.
  • Ruby: Ruby is the language used by Chef, another popular configuration management tool. If you plan to use Chef, having knowledge of Ruby can be beneficial.

Infrastructure as Code

  • Terraform: Terraform, a tool for provisioning and managing infrastructure, uses its own domain-specific language (DSL). Although it has its own DSL, it is worth noting that Terraform configurations can be written using JSON or HCL (HashiCorp Configuration Language), which is similar to JSON.
  • Cloud-specific languages: Cloud providers often provide their own specific languages or SDKs for infrastructure provisioning and management. For example, AWS provides AWS CloudFormation (JSON/YAML-based) and AWS SDKs for various languages such as Python, Java, and JavaScript.

Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD)

  • Jenkinsfile (Groovy): Jenkins, a popular CI/CD tool, uses a Groovy-based DSL for defining pipelines and workflows.
  • YAML: Many CI/CD tools, including GitLab CI/CD and GitHub Actions, use YAML-based configuration files for defining CI/CD pipelines.

Monitoring and Data Analysis

  • Python: Python is often used for scripting and building monitoring tools. It has libraries like Pandas, NumPy, and matplotlib that are useful for data analysis and visualization.
  • Go: Go (Golang) is gaining popularity for building high-performance and scalable monitoring systems and data processing pipelines.


In the world of DevOps, the choice of programming language plays a crucial role in effectively managing and automating various tasks. However, it’s worth noting that many DevOps tasks involve using multiple languages and tools together, rather than relying on a single language. This approach allows DevOps teams to leverage the strengths and capabilities of different languages and tools to meet their specific requirements.

The decision to choose a particular language should be based on several factors. Firstly, the requirements of your project must be carefully considered. Different languages have varying strengths and weaknesses, and you need to assess which language aligns best with the specific needs of your DevOps tasks. For example, if your focus is on configuration management and automation, languages like Ansible with its YAML syntax or Python with its extensive libraries might be suitable.

Compatibility with existing infrastructure and tools is another vital consideration. If you are working in an environment that already has established tools or infrastructure, choosing a language that integrates seamlessly with those components can simplify the implementation and ensure smooth interoperability.

Additionally, the skills and preferences of your team members should be taken into account. A language that your team is already proficient in can expedite development and troubleshooting processes. Moreover, considering the preferences of your team members can boost their motivation and productivity.

While the languages mentioned earlier are commonly used in DevOps, it’s important to note that this is by no means an exhaustive list. The DevOps landscape is dynamic, and new tools and languages emerge regularly. It’s crucial to stay up-to-date with the latest trends and explore new languages that may better suit your needs.

DevOps is a multidisciplinary field that often demands the use of multiple languages and tools to achieve optimal results. The choice of language should be driven by the requirements of your project, compatibility with existing infrastructure, and the skills and preferences of your team. By carefully considering these factors and staying open to the evolving DevOps ecosystem, you can select the most suitable combination of languages and tools to streamline your DevOps processes.